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Working Together: Collaboration between Colorado’s Developmental Disabilities Division and Division of Vocational Rehabilitation


Originally published: 1/2009

In Colorado, counselors from the Division of Vocational Rehabilitation are housed on-site in Community Centered Board1 offices so they can provide direct services to individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (ID/DD). The goal of the project was to serve 240 customers with ID/DD and provide 134 successful employment outcomes over a two-year period2. Streamlined services and enhanced communication emerged through a unique collaborative effort between the two entities.  


Beginning in 2006, the Colorado Department of Human Services Division of Vocational Rehabilitation (DVR) and the Division for Developmental Disabilities (DDD) undertook a two-year pilot project that placed vocational rehabilitation counselors in Community Centered Board (CCB) offices. As part of the project, six DVR counselors were housed at participating Community Centered Board locations. Four of the six DVR counselors started on or close to the initiation of the pilot in July 2006. The other two DVR counselors were placed on the project roughly six months after the start of the program due to recruitment challenges. Only two of the six people hired had previous public vocational rehabilitation experience, so staff orientation and development was a critical issue. The counselors had smaller caseloads than the standard caseload size for VR counselors to support more intensive involvement with job seekers. The project also paid a 25% higher reimbursement rate for both milestone and hourly payments to providers. 

A statewide evaluation provided insights on implementation issues. Several strategies helped facilitate the collaboration between DVR and CCB staff. Strengths of the program included referral processes that were generally well developed and efficient, streamlined access to individual records, and enhanced communication and development of positive relationships between the agencies. This increased communication was in part facilitated by a smaller caseload for DVR counselors. This resulted in the implementation of a more efficient process for moving individuals from up-front DVR services to follow along supports coordinated by the CCBs.

The evaluation did identify some areas of concern. DVR counselors reported feeling isolated being housed separately from their DVR colleagues. Additionally, findings showed that DVR counselors used external service providers for a majority of the job development and placement activities and were therefore not taking a primary role with job placement efforts. This may be due to pilot site counselors not having had enough hands-on training and experience in direct job placement.


DDD and DVR engaged in a programmatic evaluation of the pilot project in July 2007 (see included reference). At each pilot site, representatives took part in a full-day site visit. The evaluation included case record reviews and interviews with multiple types of staff, including program managers, case managers, supported employment consultants, adult program directors and managers, and DVR counselors and supervisors. 

Major findings from the evaluation are below: 

Suggestions for Replication


Allan Orlofsky, Program Manager
Colorado Division for Developmental Disabilities

Allison Hall, Research Associate

Institute for Community Inclusion


 1Colorado’s system comprises 20 local-level Community Centered Boards (CCBs). Some CCBs are actually providers of services, while others contract their services to other local organizations. CCBs serve as a single point of entry for a geographic area for persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities to receive services, eligibility determination, and ongoing case management.

2The main source for the information presented here is: Colorado Developmental Disabilities Division and Division of Vocational Rehabilitation (2007). Employment services pilot project. Year One review (July 1, 2006-June 30, 2007). 

ICI: promoting inclusion for people with disabilities