ICI publications by John Butterworth

Press Release: New UMass Boston Center Focuses on Employment for People with Intellectual Disabilities

A new research and training center based at the University of Massachusetts Boston will develop and test support models and analyze policies that help people with intellectual and developmental disabilities find quality employment. (4/2015)

Trends in Employment Outcomes of Young Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2004–2012

This report summarizes the employment and economic outcomes for young adults with intellectual disabilities between 2004 and 2012 in the nation’s 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC). Data are reported separately for two age groups: 16 to 21 years old, and 22 to 30 years old. The first age group includes young adults who may still be eligible for school services (through age 21), whereas the second age group includes young adults who have left the education system. (7/2014)

StateData: The National Report on Employment Services and Outcomes

The StateData employment report is a product of Access to Integrated Employment, a project of the Institute for Community Inclusion (ICI) at the University of Massachusetts Boston, supported in part by the Administration on Developmental Disabilities, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, under cooperative agreement #90DN0216. The opinions contained in this report are those of the grantee and do not necessarily reflect those of the funders. (5/2012)

Employment Data Systems : Florida's Agency for Persons with Disabilities

The increasing emphasis on government accountability at the state and federal levels has increased interest in and use of outcome data. Moreover, research has found that high performing states in integrated employment generally have a clear and visible data collection system that provides individual outcome data (Hall et al, 2007). But what are the most important elements in designing and using a system? Stakeholders have raised questions regarding creating effective data collection systems, identifying variables with the most utility for influencing policy, and using data as a strategic planning tool. This series is intended to shed light on the successes and challenges of day and employment systems across several states and to provide strategies for other states as they examine their own data collection systems and their impact on their employment priorities for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (ID/DD). (3/2011)

The Maine Employment Curriculum: Delivering Best Practices for Employment Support Professionals

Promising Practices: Maine (1/2009)

Innovations in Employment Supports: New Hampshire's State Division of Developmental Services

Between 1988 and 2001, New Hampshire's Division of Developmental Services transformed the state's day and employment services from a facility-based model to an inclusion model that supports 94% of its individuals in the community. This brief highlights several factors contributing to New Hampshire's employment outcomes. (5/2004)

Innovations in Employment Supports: Washington State's Division of Developmental Disabilities

As evidence of the positive outcomes associated with integrated employment develops it is important to identify policy and practices at the state level that expand access to employment opportunity. This brief presents findings from Institute for Community Inclusion (ICI) case study research focused on state agencies that support individuals with developmental disabilities. (8/2003)

Developing Interagency Agreements: Four Questions to Consider

Recent legislation emphasizes collaboration between state agencies. A good interagency agreement is one tool that can assist collaboration and promote systems change. Researchers offer four important considerations for an effective agreement and a worksheet for agency personnel. (12/2001)

Understanding the SSI Work Incentives

Information about Social Security Administration programs that can help people who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) to retain benefits that can support and ensure long-term employment. (11/1999)

The Successes and Struggles of Closing a Facility-Based Employment Service

A brief overview of findings from the Conversion to Integrated Employment monographs. (1/1999)

Conversion to Integrated Employment: Case Studies of Organizational Change, Volume 1

Case studies of organizations that closed a sheltered workshop or segregated program and replaced it with integrated employment or other community-based activities for individuals with disabilities. These monographs analyze the change process to help other agencies pursue a similar goal. (3/1998)

What Are the Trends in Employment Outcomes of Youth with Autism:
2006–2010?

In recent years, the number of children with a diagnosis of autism has substantially increased (Baio, 2012). There is a growing interest, therefore, in knowing more about their transition to employment as they reach adulthood. To address this question, we examined the national and state data from the vocational rehabilitation (VR) program for the years 2006 to 2010. Focusing on people with autism who were 16 to 26 years old and unemployed, we set out to describe how many of them sought VR services, received services, and then gained integrated employment. We also looked at earnings and work hours of those employed. To provide some context, we compared the findings for youth with autism with the findings for youth with other disabilities. Moreover, we investigated the data at both the national and state level. For the state-level data, we reported the average across the five years. (12/2012)

Growth in Community-based Non-work

A excerpt from the 2011 statedata book (11/2012)

The 2010–2011 National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers Report 1: Overview of Services, Trends and Provider Characteristics

This the first in a series of research to practice briefs based on the 2010–2011 National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers (CRPs) funded by the Administration on Developmental Disabilities and the National Institute for Disability and Rehabilitation Research. This brief presents findings on people with all disabilities and people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) who are served in employment and non-work settings by community rehabilitation providers (CRPs). The last national comprehensive survey of CRPs conducted by the Institute for Community Inclusion was in 2002–2003, and also gathered data on provider services for individuals with disabilities (Metzel et al., 2007). This brief will incorporate some of those findings and compare them against the 2010–2011 survey in order to assess the state of integrated employment outcomes of people with disabilities. (3/2012)

VR Outcome Trends and the Recent Decline in Employment for VR Customers with Intellectual Disabilities

VR Outcome Trends and the Recent Decline in Employment for VR Customers with Intellectual Disabilities (2/2012)

Improving Job Development Through Training and Mentorship

Improving Job Development Through Training and Mentorship (12/2011)

Employment Data Systems : Washington State's Division of Developmental Disabilities

The increasing emphasis on government accountability at the state and federal levels has increased interest in and use of outcome data. Moreover, research has found that high performing states in integrated employment generally have a clear and visible data collection system that provides individual outcome data (Hall, Butterworth, Winsor, Gilmore, & Metzel, 2007). But what are the most important elements in designing and using such a system? Stakeholders have raised questions regarding creating effective data collection systems, identifying variables with the most utility for influencing policy, and using data as a strategic planning tool. This series is intended to shed light on the successes and challenges of collecting data on day and employment services across several states and to provide strategies for other states as they examine their own data collection systems and the systems' impact on their priorities for employment for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (ID/DD). During the spring and summer of 2008, Institute for Community Inclusion (ICI) researchers conducted interviews with key state and local informants who were recommended as being knowledgeable about their states' data collection system. State policy documents and state websites also contributed to data collection. (3/2011)

Work Incentives and SSI Recipients with Intellectual Disabilities

Congress has enacted a number of work incentive programs for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients with disabilities after concluding additional incentives were necessary to help individuals become self-supporting. (7/2009)

Indicators of Labor Market Success for People with Intellectual Disabilities

Reporting meaningful indicators of labor market success for individuals with disabilities, particularly Intellectual Disabilities (ID), is challenging for a number of reasons. Measures that allow people to indicate specific disabilities like ID are uncommon in large national data sets. Additionally, the use of the “traditional” unemployment rate reported by the Department of Labor as an indicator of labor market success for people with disabilities leaves people who are not in the labor force, a significant group when it comes to subpopulations of people with disabilities, out of the calculation. In this data note, we discuss the implications of using the 2007 American Community Survey (ACS) from the U.S. Census Bureau for indicators of labor market success, including for people with ID. (6/2009)

Postsecondary Education and Employment Outcomes for Youth with Intellectual Disabilities

Completion of postsecondary education is commonly associated with better employment outcomes for the general population. There is increasing interest in postsecondary education as an opportunity for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). One role that vocational rehabilitation (VR) serves is to support postsecondary education in accordance with their Individualized Plan for Employment (IPE). (1/2009)

National Day and Employment Service Trends in MR/DD Agencies

The data represented here describe the core elements of ICI's National Survey of Day and Employment Services. Integrated employment includes both individual employment and group supported employment and facility-based settings include both facility-based work services and facility-based non-work services. Reported participation in community-based non-work services, defined as non job-related supports focusing on community involvement and typically identified as community integration or community participation services, has steadily increased since this service was added to the survey in 1996, growing from 14.5% in 1999 to 21% in 2004. (9/2007)

Massachusetts Employment and Disability Snapshot Report, 2000-2005

The second in an annual series of snapshot reports on the employment of people with disabilities in Massachusetts. (11/2006)

Massachusetts Employment and Disability Snapshot Report, 2000-2004 (Report 1)

This is the first in an annual series of snapshot reports on the employment of people with disabilities in Massachusetts. It offers an overview of trends in employment of people with disabilities for people with disabilities, advocates, policymakers, researchers, and other interested parties. (4/2006)

The National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers, FY2002-2003 Report 3: Involvement of CRPs in the Ticket to Work and the Workforce Investment Act

This Research to Practice brief examines CRP participation in the Ticket to Work and the Workforce Investment Act (WIA). Findings showed that CRPs were more involved in WIA than the Ticket program. (1/2006)

Community-Based Non-Work Services: Findings from the National Survey of Day and Employment Programs for People with Developmental Disabilities

As community-based services for adults with developmental disabilities develop, one category remains underexplored: community-based non-work (CBNW). Findings from an ICI survey show that while CBNW is a growing part of the service mix, its definitions and requirements remain fuzzy. (1/2006)

Innovations in Employment Supports: Colorado's State Division of Developmental Services

Between the years of 1985 and 1996 Colorado experienced significant growth in integrated employment for people with mental retardation and developmental disabilities. Several factors were consistently highlighted as contributing to Colorado's employment outcomes during this period. (7/2005)

High-Performing States in Integrated Employment

Despite recent improvements, community employment outcomes vary widely across states. This report highlights successful practices of states that were identified as "high performers" in integrated employment for people served by state MR/DD agencies. (2/2003)

Selecting a Payment System Under the Ticket to Work

The Ticket to Work program gives VR agencies several payment options. An agency's choice of payment systems is an important one, with significant financial implications. This white paper analyzed the experiences of New England states to develop guidelines for VR agencies. (8/2002)

Conversion to Integrated Employment: Case Studies of Organizational Change Volume 3

Case studies of organizations that closed a sheltered workshop or segregated program and replaced it with integrated employment or other community-based activities for individuals with disabilities. These monographs analyze the change process to help other agencies pursue a similar goal. (8/2001)

Work Status Trends for People with Mental Retardation, FY 1985 to FY 1998

National trends regarding extended employment (sheltered workshops) and competitive employment outcomes from state Vocational Rehabilitation systems between 1985 and 1998. (12/2000)

Conversion to Integrated Employment: Case Studies of Organizational Change, Volume 2

Case studies of organizations that closed a sheltered workshop or segregated program and replaced it with integrated employment or other community-based activities for individuals with disabilities. These monographs analyze the change process to help other agencies pursue a similar goal. (0/1999)

Trends in Supported Employment: The Experiences of 94 Community Rehabilitation Service Providers from 1986 - 1991

A follow-back study (data from 1986 and 1991) examined service patterns of community rehabilitation providers for supported employment, competitive employment, and sheltered workshops. (8/1996)

Community Rehabilitation Programs and Organizational Change: A Mentor Guide to Increase Customized Employment Outcomes

This manual is the result of T-TAP’s work with 15 community rehabilitation providers and 10 leadership organizations that served as mentors. It addresses the role of mentors in supporting organizational change and development, lessons learned from participating community rehabilitation providers about the change process, and provides tools and information to support the process of restructuring and developing capacity to expand integrated employment. The manual should be helpful both to organizations committed to improving employment outcomes and to organizations that are serving as formal or informal mentors to support a change process.

The 2010-2011 National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers: 
Estimating the Number of Community Rehabilitation Providers in the United States

This is the second in a series of research to practice briefs based on the 2010–2011 National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers (CRPs) funded by the Administration on Developmental Disabilities and the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research. (5/2013)

Indicators for Improving Educational, Employment, and Economic Outcomes for Youth and Young Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

The following report summarizes available national data on educational, employment and economic outcomes for youth and young adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) over the years 2000-2010. These data can be used to benchmark progress in improving these outcomes for young adult population across the country and within individual states. Data is reported separately for two age groups of young adults (16-21 and 22-30) in order to capture possible differences between youth likely to still be receiving school services (through age 21) and those who have moved on from the education system. (10/2012)

Employment Data Systems : New Hampshire's Bureau of Developmental Services

The increasing emphasis on government accountability at the state and federal levels has increased interest in and use of outcome data. Moreover, research has found that high performing states in integrated employment generally have a clear and visible data collection system that provides individual outcome data (Hall et al, 2007). But what are the most important elements in designing and using a system? Stakeholders have raised questions regarding creating effective data collection systems, identifying variables with the most utility for influencing policy, and using data as a strategic planning tool. This series is intended to shed light on the successes and challenges of collecting data on day and employment services across several states and to provide strategies for other states as they examine their own data collection systems and their impact on their employment priorities for individuals with ID/DD. During the Spring and Summer of 2008, ICI researchers conducted interviews with state and local key informants who had been recommended as being knowledgeable about their state's data collection system. State policy documents and state websites were also used as resources. (3/2011)

The National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers, FY2004-2005 Report 1: Employment Outcomes of People with Developmental Disabilities in Integrated Employment

Where do people with mental retardation and developmental disabilities work? What are their hours, wages, and benefits? This brief covers partial results from a survey that gives a snapshot of the outcomes for recently employed people with developmental disabilities. (7/2006)

Pushing the Integrated Employment Agenda: Case Study Research in Washington State

This is the second in a series of publications highlighting findings from case studies in three states that are recognized as high performers in integrated employment. Respondents discuss their success and how they handled challenges. (6/2006)

VR Outcomes for People with Spinal Cord Injury

An estimated 250,000 people live with a spinal cord injury (SCI). In 2004, 2382 individuals with SCI achieved successful rehabilitation with the support of state vocational rehabilitation agencies. This Data Note examines their outcomes. Data set: RSA (VR). (3/2006)

The National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers, FY2002-2003, Report 1: Overview of Services and Provider Characteristics

Two briefs examine the services people with developmental disabilities receive from community rehabilitation providers (CRPs). Despite recent emphasis on work in the disability field, people with DD were predominantly in sheltered employment or non-work services. Of people with DD in integrated employment, the majority had individual competitive jobs. However, three group employment models had above-average percentages of individuals with DD. (8/2004)

From Paper to Action: State-Level Interagency Agreements for Supported Employment of People with Disabilities

The second of three studies conducted that investigated the extent and role of interagency agreements between state agencies that fund and provide supported employment supports and services for people with significant disabilities. (12/2002)

National Day and Employment Service Trends in MR/DD Agencies

To what extent have changes in philosophy translated into changes for state agencies and the people they serve? This brief analyzes MR/DD agencies' day and employment service trends from 1988 to 1999 and discusses relevant trends in policy and legislation. (7/2001)

Vocational Rehabilitation Outcomes for People with Mental Retardation, Cerebral Palsy, and Epilepsy: An Analysis of Trends from 1985-1998

This monograph examines trends in competitive labor market and sheltered workshops from state VR agencies between 1985 and 1998. Findings include increased competitive labor market closures and supported employment services, with a decrease in sheltered workshop closures. (0/2001)

Washington: Promoting public sector jobs for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities

King County's program to employ people with disabilities in county jobs is an example of Washington's commitment to the use of innovative approaches to increase integrated employment. In 1989, a training resource funded by Washington State and the county Division of Developmental Disabilities, O'Neill and Associates, submitted a grant application to the Rehabilitation Services Administration to develop public sector jobs for people with developmental disabilities within the state. These jobs were to be concentrated in King County (Seattle area) government because of the availability of high-paying jobs with benefits. With the political assistance of a King County councilor, the County approved a resolution to encourage county departments to hire people with developmental disabilities in 1990 (Mank, O'Neill, & Jenson, 1998). Over the past 15 years, this project has experienced tremendous expansion and replication.

Pushing the Integrated Employment Agenda: Case Study Research in Tennessee

State intellectual disabilities/developmental disabilities (IDDD) agencies vary widely in their investment in integrated employment as part of their overall day and employment supports. This brief is part of a series of publications highlighting findings from case studies in states that have developed initiatives to expand integrated employment. These products are intended to be a practical resource for other states as they work to help people with disabilities obtain and maintain gainful employment.

Trends in Employment Outcomes of Young Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2004–2011

Trends in Employment Outcomes of Young Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities 2004 - 2011, shows the trend employment outcomes of young adults 16 to 21 years old and 22 to 30 years in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Data are from the American Community Survey, the RSA-911, and the National Core Indicators datasets. The report was funded by the Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Administration for Community Living, US Department of Health and Human Services.

Effective Training for Employment Consultants: Job Development and Support Strategies

This Institute Brief summarizes the key elements of a training and support approach designed to improve job development practices. Employment Consultants who participated supported more individuals to enter employment, and supported people to achieve higher-quality jobs with more hours and higher levels of pay, than a control group who had not yet received training. (4/2012)

The National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers, FY2004-2005 Report 2: Gender Differences in Individual Employment Outcomes of People with Developmental Disabilities

(4/2008)

The National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers, FY2004-2005 Report 2

Research to Practice Brief, March 2008, Issue 46 (3/2008)

Pushing the Integrated Employment Agenda: Case Study Research in New Hampshire

Employment for people with severe disabilities was legitimized in P.L. 99457. However, some states have made more progress than others in helping individuals with disabilities achieve successful employment outcomes. New Hampshire was identified as a "high-performing" state based on criteria aimed at assessing overall commitment to community inclusion. This case study examines the reasons behind the state's success. (6/2005)

Making Networking Easier for Job Seekers: A Guide

Networking is considered the most effective way to find a good job. However, sometimes people find networking difficult. This brief addresses common reasons why people might not be comfortable and offers possible solutions. Particular concern is paid to differences between cultures. (4/2005)

Job Networking in Diverse Communities

While individuals with disabilities face many obstacles when seeking employment, there are usually additional challenges for those from diverse cultures. To address this issue, ICI formed partnerships with community immigrant organizations to teach networking techniques to job seekers. (4/2005)

The National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers, FY2002-2003, Report 2: Non-Work Services

The second in a series exploring the services people with developmental disabilities receive from community rehabilitation providers (CRPs). Despite recent ideological emphasis on work, the majority of CRPs continued to offer non-work programs and a substantial proportion of the people they served were involved in those programs. Overall, the findings raise questions about CRP commitment to community integration. (9/2004)

ICI: promoting inclusion for people with disabilities