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Are Young Adults With Intellectual Disabilities Getting Work Experiences from Participating in the Vocational Rehabilitation Program?

Data Note No. 50, 2014

To learn about whether young adults with intellectual disabilities in the vocational rehabilitation (VR) program are getting work experience, we examined the age at application of people with intellectual disabilities who exited the VR program in 2012.

Setting Higher Employment Expectations for Youth with Intellectual Disabilities

Data Note 34

Setting Higher Employment Expectations for Youth with Intellectual Disabilities

Job Seekers with Disabilities at One-Stop Career Centers: An Examination of Registration for Wagner-Peyser Funded Employment Services from 2002 to 2007

DataNote No. 25, 2009

The Wagner-Peyser Act of 1933 established a nationwide system of public employment services, known as the Employment Service. Wagner-Peyser funds are a primary source of funding for the services of One–Stop Career Centers that provide employment services available to all people, including people with disabilities. This data note examines trends on a national and state-by-state basis in the number and percentage of job seekers who self-identified as having disabilities who register for Wagner-Peyser Employment Services. Readers should note that because disability status in this data source is self-identified, it is likely disability among job seekers who register for Wagner-Peyser services is underreported and the actual numbers of people with disabilities who register for services are higher.

Employment Trends of Young Adults with Cognitive Disabilities: 2004–2011

Engaging in employment at a young age is critical for workforce participation later in adulthood. This Data Note compares, for youth ages 16–21, the employment rates of those who have cognitive disabilities with the employment rates of their peers without disabilities.

Shifts in VR Outcome Trends for VR Customers With and Without Intellectual Disabilities

Data Note No. 46, 2013

People with intellectual disabilities (ID) aspire to gainful employment1. To assist them with this goal, state vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies offer employment services based upon Individualized Plans for Employment (IPEs)

State Trends in the Vocational Rehabilitation Engagement of Young Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: 2002-2011

Data Note No. 45, 2013

Rehabilitation Engagement of Young Adults with Intellectual Disabilities

Prevalence of Youth with Autism Who Received Vocational Rehabilitation Services

DataNote 42

In 2002, about six children aged eight years per every 1000 people in the general population received a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The corresponding figure in 2008 was about 11 children, a 78% increase in just six years.

People Served in Community Mental Health Programs and Employment

Data Note No. 43, 2013

he Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS) provides guidance and technical assistance to decision makers at all levels of government on the design, structure, content, and use of mental health information systems. The goal is to improve the quality of mental health programs and service delivery. CMHS operates the only program in the nation that focuses on the development of data standards that provide the basis for uniform, comparable, high-quality statistics on mental health services. This makes it a model in the health care statistics field. Data is stored in the Uniform Reporting System Output Tables.

Growth in Community-based Non-work

Data Note 41

A excerpt from the 2011 statedata book

StateData: The National Report on Employment Services and Outcomes

The StateData employment report is a product of Access to Integrated Employment, a project of the Institute for Community Inclusion (ICI) at the University of Massachusetts Boston, supported in part by the Administration on Developmental Disabilities, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, under cooperative agreement #90DN0216. The opinions contained in this report are those of the grantee and do not necessarily reflect those of the funders.

State Intellectual and Developmental Disability Agencies' Service Trends

Data Note No. 49, 2014

State Intellectual and Developmental Disability Agencies' Service Trends

State Intellectual and Developmental Disability Agencies' Service Trends

Data Note No. 38, 2012

In FY2010, an estimated 566,188 individuals received day or employment supports from state intellectual and developmental disability (IDD) agencies. This number grew from 458,650 in FY1999, a 23.4 percent increase. The estimated number of individuals supported in integrated employment services increased from 108,296 in FY1999 to 113,937 in FY2010, a 5.2% increase. State investment in supports continues to emphasize facility-based and non-work services rather than integrated employment services. Figure 1 shows the trends in the percentage of people served in integrated employment and facility-based and non-work settings between FY2004 and FY2010.

VR Outcome Trends and the Recent Decline in Employment for VR Customers with Intellectual Disabilities

Data Note No. 37, 2012

VR Outcome Trends and the Recent Decline in Employment for VR Customers with Intellectual Disabilities

SSI Recipients Who Work

Data Note 36, 2011

The National Survey of State Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Day and Employment Services is a longitudinal study commissioned by the Administration on Developmental Disabilities to analyze trends in community-based day and employment services between FY1988 and FY2009 for individuals with IDD and closely related conditions.

Decline in the Provision of Facility-Based Work Services for People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Data Note No. 35, 2011

Decline in the Provision of Facility-Based Work Services for People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

State Intellectual and Developmental Disability Agencies' Funding for Employment Services

Data Note No. 33, 2011

The National Survey of State Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Day and Employment Services is a longitudinal study commissioned by the Administration on Developmental Disabilities to analyze community-based day and employment service trends between FY1988 and FY2009 for individuals with IDD and closely related conditions.

Job Seekers with Disabilities at One-Stop Career Centers: An Examination of Registration for Wagner-Peyser Funded Employment Services,2002 to 2009

Data Note No. 32, 2011

The Wagner-Peyser Act of 1933 established a nationwide system of public employment services, known as the Employment Service. Via the Workforce Investment Act of 1998, the Employment Service was made part of the One-Stop Career Center service-delivery system. Wagner-Peyser is a primary source of funding for these centers, which make employment services available to all people, including those with disabilities. There are currently 1,800+ comprehensive One-Stop Career Centers throughout the United States, as well as satellite and affiliate centers.

Examining Collaboration between State Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Agencies and State Vocational Rehabilitation Agencies

Data Note 30

Since Fiscal Year 1988, the Institute for Community Inclusion has administered the National Survey of State Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Agencies' Day and Employment Services. The FY 2009 survey included a module to assess the ways in which state intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) agencies collaborate with their state vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies to support integrated employment outcomes for adults with IDD. A total of 40 agencies responded to the module. Their responses provide a broader understanding of the relationship between the two types of state agencies, and the ways in which they work together to provide integrated employment services.

Measuring the Outcomes of Job Seekers with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities in the Vocational Rehabilitation Program

Data Note 28, 2010

Most people with intellectual or developmental disabilities aspire to gainful employment. To assist them with this goal, state Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) agencies offer employment-development services that are based upon Individualized Plans for Employment (IPEs)

Vocational Rehabilitation Employment Outcomes for Transition-age Youth with Autism and Other Disabilities

Data Note 26, 2010

Youth with autism, like youth from other disability subgroups, often participate in state Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) programs to obtain employment. While youth with autism represent a small percentage of all VR closures, the number with autism who closed out of VR more than tripled between 2003 and 2008 (see figure). In this Data Note, we compare employment outcomes for two subgroups of youth who exited VR in FY 2008, those with autism and those with all other disabilities.

Work Incentives and SSI Recipients with Intellectual Disabilities

Data Note No. 23, 2009

Congress has enacted a number of work incentive programs for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients with disabilities after concluding additional incentives were necessary to help individuals become self-supporting.

Indicators of Labor Market Success for People with Intellectual Disabilities

Data Note 22, 2009

Reporting meaningful indicators of labor market success for individuals with disabilities, particularly Intellectual Disabilities (ID), is challenging for a number of reasons. Measures that allow people to indicate specific disabilities like ID are uncommon in large national data sets. Additionally, the use of the “traditional” unemployment rate reported by the Department of Labor as an indicator of labor market success for people with disabilities leaves people who are not in the labor force, a significant group when it comes to subpopulations of people with disabilities, out of the calculation. In this data note, we discuss the implications of using the 2007 American Community Survey (ACS) from the U.S. Census Bureau for indicators of labor market success, including for people with ID.

Postsecondary Education and Employment Outcomes for Youth with Intellectual Disabilities

DataNote 21, 2009

Completion of postsecondary education is commonly associated with better employment outcomes for the general population. There is increasing interest in postsecondary education as an opportunity for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). One role that vocational rehabilitation (VR) serves is to support postsecondary education in accordance with their Individualized Plan for Employment (IPE).

Tracking Employment and Day Support Participation and Outcomes in State Intellectual Disability and Developmental Disability Agencies

Data Note 20, 2008

Data set: The 2007 National Survey of Day and Employment Programs Institute for Community Inclusion, State Data Project

WIA Employment Outcomes and Trends

Data Note No. 19, 2008

WIA Employment Outcomes and Trends

Employment rates in the general population and VR Rehabilitation rates

DataNote No. 18, 2008

Employment rates in the general population and VR Rehabilitation rates DataNote 18 2008

Persons Served in Community Mental Health Programs and Employment

Data Note 17, 2008

Data set: FY2006 Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS) Uniform

State Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Agencies Expenditures for Integrated Employment Services

Data Note 16, 2008

Data set: The National Survey of Day and Employment Programs

Job Seekers with Disabilities at One-Stop Career Centers: An Overview of Registration for Wagner-Peyser Funded Employment Services

Data Note 15, 2008

This data note explores how states vary in the number and percentage of job seekers with disabilities who register for services and identify as having a disability. In 2005, across all states and the District of Columbia, 3.1% of all job seekers were people who reported having a disability at registration (see table). The percentage of registered job seekers with a disability ranged from 0% in Washington D.C. to 8.3% in Delaware. The percentage of individuals identifying they have a disability has shown a steady increase over time, from 2.3% in 2002 to the 3.1% 2005 figure. In examining and interpreting this data, it is important to note that this data may not fully reflect the use of these services by people with disabilities, as it does not include individuals with non-apparent disabilities who have declined to identify that they have a disability.

Timeframe from Application to Closure in Integrated Employment for Vocational Rehabilitation Customers with Developmental Disabilities

Data Note 14, 2008

This data note describes the integrated employment timeframe from application to closure for people with developmental disabilities (i.e., mental retardation, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and autism) whose cases were closed by VR in 2006 (N = 27,579). VR typically closes cases when applicants have been in employment for at least 90 days.

Disability and Occupation

Data Note 13, 2007

It is well-documented that people with disabilities have a significantly lower rate of employment than people without disabilities (36% versus 74% according to the 2006 American Community Survey (ACS). Less is known about the types of work they do. Using the occupational classification system within the ACS, researchers explored the prevalence of people with disabilities within occupational groupings and discuss its relationship to occupational growth1. Future analysis will address variation across disability groups.

The National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers, FY2004-2005 Report 1: Employment Outcomes of People with Developmental Disabilities in Integrated Employment

Research to Practice 44

Where do people with mental retardation and developmental disabilities work? What are their hours, wages, and benefits? This brief covers partial results from a survey that gives a snapshot of the outcomes for recently employed people with developmental disabilities.

VR Outcomes for People with Spinal Cord Injury

Data Note 4, 2006

An estimated 250,000 people live with a spinal cord injury (SCI). In 2004, 2382 individuals with SCI achieved successful rehabilitation with the support of state vocational rehabilitation agencies. This Data Note examines their outcomes. Data set: RSA (VR).

The National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers, FY2002-2003 Report 3: Involvement of CRPs in the Ticket to Work and the Workforce Investment Act

Research to Practice 41

This Research to Practice brief examines CRP participation in the Ticket to Work and the Workforce Investment Act (WIA). Findings showed that CRPs were more involved in WIA than the Ticket program.

Community-Based Non-Work Services: Findings from the National Survey of Day and Employment Programs for People with Developmental Disabilities

Research to Practice 42

As community-based services for adults with developmental disabilities develop, one category remains underexplored: community-based non-work (CBNW). Findings from an ICI survey show that while CBNW is a growing part of the service mix, its definitions and requirements remain fuzzy.

Employment Outcomes for People with Diabetes in the Vocational Rehabilitation System

Data Note 2, 2005

Approximately 18 million people in the U.S. have diabetes. This Data Note examines the employment hours and earning outcomes for people with diabetes who received VR services in 2003.

SSA Work Incentives Enrollment, 1990-2004

Data Note 3, 2005

To encourage employment for individuals with disabilities, the Social Security Administration offers provisions that limit the impact of work on benefits. The September, 2005 Data Note displays the number of people enrolled in these work incentive programs.

What Do Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) Services Cost?

Data Note 1, 2005

The Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) system can purchase a wide array of services to support employment. The February, 2005 Data Note summarizes the cost per VR case in fiscal year 2003. Costs varied widely according to disability type.

Patterns of State, County, and Local ID/DD Funding Allocation

Data Note No. 24, 2009

State, County, and Local ID/DD dollars are one of the largest sources of funds for day and employment services; additionally as a funding source that is directly controlled within each state it is one of the most flexible sources of dollars for day and employment services. As Figure 1 shows, the allocation of these funds varied based upon year and service category: integrated employment, community based non-work, facility based work, and facility based non-work.

State Intellectual and Developmental Disability Agencies' Service Trends

Data Note No. 44, 2013

DataNote No.44

Trends in Employment Outcomes of Young Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2004–2011

Trends in Employment Outcomes of Young Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities 2004 - 2011, shows the trend employment outcomes of young adults 16 to 21 years old and 22 to 30 years in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Data are from the American Community Survey, the RSA-911, and the National Core Indicators datasets. The report was funded by the Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Administration for Community Living, US Department of Health and Human Services.

Vocational Rehabilitation Closure Trends for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities: A Snapshot of Five U.S. Territories

Data Note No. 48, 2014

Vocational Rehabilitation Closure Trends for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities: A Snapshot of Five U.S. Territories

Students with Autism: Setting Higher Expectations for Postsecondary Education

Date Note 31

Setting expectations and goals in high school is key for a successful transition into adulthood. Postsecondary education is a particularly important goal because higher levels of educational attainment are associated with increased quality of life, including better employment outcomes. Unfortunately, the transition plans of students with autism do not often include postsecondary education as a goal.

SSI recipients with disabilities who work and participation in 1619b

Data Note #12

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a federally funded program that provides cash assistance for basic needs. Individuals with a low-income who are over the age of 65, blind, or have a disability are eligible for assistance. SSI beneficiaries typically also receive health insurance coverage through Medicaid. Losing Medicaid benefits can be of concern for SSI recipients with disabilities who desire to work, or are currently working. Section 1619b of the Social Security Act allows individuals to work and continue to receive Medicaid assistance when their earnings are too high to qualify for SSI cash payments as long as they meet other eligibility requirements for the SSI program and continue to need Medicaid in order to work.

National Day and Employment Service Trends in MR/DD Agencies

Data Note 11b, 2007

The data represented here describe the core elements of ICI's National Survey of Day and Employment Services. Integrated employment includes both individual employment and group supported employment and facility-based settings include both facility-based work services and facility-based non-work services. Reported participation in community-based non-work services, defined as non job-related supports focusing on community involvement and typically identified as community integration or community participation services, has steadily increased since this service was added to the survey in 1996, growing from 14.5% in 1999 to 21% in 2004.

VR Rehabilitation Rates of People with Mental Retardation/Developmental Disabilities (MR/DD) in 2005

DataNote 11, 2007

Of the over 48,000 persons nationwide with mental retardation or other developmental disabilities (MR/DD) who closed out of the Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) system after receiving employment services in FY2005, more than half were successful closures, yielding a rehabilitation rate of 56.9%. The rehabilitation rate is calculated by dividing the number of successful closures, which is employment in any setting with the exception of sheltered workshops, by the total number of closures who received employment services.

Employment Rates for People With and Without Disabilities

Data Note 10, 2007

Data show that people with disabilities are consistently less likely to be working than their non-disabled counterparts. In this data note, we compare the employment rate for working-age people with and without disabilities.

Integrated Employment Outcomes Through Person-to-Person Technical Assistance: New Hampshire

New Hampshire implemented an innovative technical assistance model that promoted organizational change to expand individual employment opportunities. This person-to-person change began at the micro level but "trickled up" through organizations across the state.

Shifting Resources Away from Sheltered Workshops in Vermont

Over six years, regulations in Vermont gradually restricted and eventually prohibited the use of state funds for sheltered workshops or enclaves. Concurrent with the change in funding regulations, the state worked with providers to convert the remaining sheltered workshops in Vermont.

Employment First! Making Integrated Employment the Preferred Outcome in Tennessee

The goal of Employment First was to make employment the first day service option for adults receiving supports funded by DMRS, Medicaid, or the state.

The Relationship Between Supported Employment Status and Minimum Wage for Vocational Rehabilitation Integrated Employment Closures in 2004

Data Note 9, 2006

This Data Note examines how wages for VR customers in supported employment compare to those earned by other customers.

Relationship Between Integrated Employment and State Unemployment Rates for MR/DD Consumers

Data Note 8, 2006

Researchers explored state unemployment rates to determine whether a state's MR/DD agency employment outcomes were related to the state's economy. Data set: MR/DD.

Relationship Between MR/DD Consumers in Integrated Employment and Working SSI Recipients

Data Note 7, 2006

Analysis shows that employment outcomes for MR/DD consumers in integrated employment and working SSI recipients may be related within states. Data set: SSA.

WIA Employment Outcomes

Data Note 6, 2006

The U.S. Department of Labor tracks several performance measures for people served in the One-Stop system. This Data Note focuses on people with disabilities in two funding categories. Data set: WIA.

Relationship Between SSI Recipients Who Work and State Unemployment Rate

Data Note 5, 2006

Many people who receive SSI benefits are unemployed. However, in 2004 the percentage of SSI recipients who were working varied considerably by state. To understand this variation, researchers correlated the percentage of employed SSI recipients with 2004 state unemployment rates. Data set: SSA.

Pushing the Integrated Employment Agenda: Case Study Research in Washington State

Case Studies 15

This is the second in a series of publications highlighting findings from case studies in three states that are recognized as high performers in integrated employment. Respondents discuss their success and how they handled challenges.

Innovations in Employment Supports: Colorado's State Division of Developmental Services

Research to Practice 39

Between the years of 1985 and 1996 Colorado experienced significant growth in integrated employment for people with mental retardation and developmental disabilities. Several factors were consistently highlighted as contributing to Colorado's employment outcomes during this period.

The National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers, FY2002-2003, Report 2: Non-Work Services

Research to Practice 36

The second in a series exploring the services people with developmental disabilities receive from community rehabilitation providers (CRPs). Despite recent ideological emphasis on work, the majority of CRPs continued to offer non-work programs and a substantial proportion of the people they served were involved in those programs. Overall, the findings raise questions about CRP commitment to community integration.

The National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers, FY2002-2003, Report 1: Overview of Services and Provider Characteristics

Research to Practice 35

Two briefs examine the services people with developmental disabilities receive from community rehabilitation providers (CRPs). Despite recent emphasis on work in the disability field, people with DD were predominantly in sheltered employment or non-work services. Of people with DD in integrated employment, the majority had individual competitive jobs. However, three group employment models had above-average percentages of individuals with DD.

Innovations in Employment Supports: New Hampshire's State Division of Developmental Services

Research to Practice 34a

Between 1988 and 2001, New Hampshire's Division of Developmental Services transformed the state's day and employment services from a facility-based model to an inclusion model that supports 94% of its individuals in the community. This brief highlights several factors contributing to New Hampshire's employment outcomes.

Innovations in Employment Supports: Washington State's Division of Developmental Disabilities

Research to Practice 33a

As evidence of the positive outcomes associated with integrated employment develops it is important to identify policy and practices at the state level that expand access to employment opportunity. This brief presents findings from Institute for Community Inclusion (ICI) case study research focused on state agencies that support individuals with developmental disabilities.

Show Me the Money: Flexible Funding for Job Success

This web publication shares success stories and suggestions to help people with disabilities use flexible funding to find and keep the jobs they want.

The Extent of Consumer-Directed Funding by MR/DD State Agencies in Day and Employment Services

Research to Practice 30

Individual control over service delivery and life choices is well established as a value in supports for individuals with developmental disabilities. One strategy for expanding choice is mechanisms that allow consumers to direct their funding. This brief reports on the prevalence of these options in state MR/DD agencies for 1999.

National Day and Employment Service Trends in MR/DD Agencies

Research to Practice 28

To what extent have changes in philosophy translated into changes for state agencies and the people they serve? This brief analyzes MR/DD agencies' day and employment service trends from 1988 to 1999 and discusses relevant trends in policy and legislation.

Work Status Trends for People with Mental Retardation, FY 1985 to FY 1998

Research to Practice 25

National trends regarding extended employment (sheltered workshops) and competitive employment outcomes from state Vocational Rehabilitation systems between 1985 and 1998.

A Benefit-Cost Analysis Model for Social Service Agencies

Monograph 26

Public policy demands that we look not only at the effectiveness of social service programs, but also at their efficiency-- the extent to which a program's benefits outweigh its costs. This monograph presents a benefit-cost analysis model that considers both monetary and non-monetary factors.

Working Together to Convert the Last Sheltered Workshop in Vermont to Individualized Supports

Vermont's Division of Disability and Aging Services and Division of Vocational Rehabilitation worked with a local service provider to convert its congregate day services to community employment.

Trends in Employment Outcomes of Young Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2004–2012

This report summarizes the employment and economic outcomes for young adults with intellectual disabilities between 2004 and 2012 in the nation’s 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC). Data are reported separately for two age groups: 16 to 21 years old, and 22 to 30 years old. The first age group includes young adults who may still be eligible for school services (through age 21), whereas the second age group includes young adults who have left the education system.

Vocational Rehabilitation Outcomes for People with Mental Retardation, Cerebral Palsy, and Epilepsy: An Analysis of Trends from 1985-1998

Monograph 29

This monograph examines trends in competitive labor market and sheltered workshops from state VR agencies between 1985 and 1998. Findings include increased competitive labor market closures and supported employment services, with a decrease in sheltered workshop closures.

ICI: promoting inclusion for people with disabilities