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People Served in Community Mental Health Programs and Employment

Data Note No. 43, 2013

By:

Originally published: 2/2013

Data Source: FY2002–-2011 Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS) Uniform Reporting System (URS)

The Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS) provides guidance and technical assistance to decision makers at all levels of government on the design, structure, content, and use of mental health information systems. The goal is to improve the quality of mental health programs and service delivery. CMHS operates the only program in the nation that focuses on the development of data standards that provide the basis for uniform, comparable, high-quality statistics on mental health services. This makes it a model in the health care statistics field. Data is stored in the Uniform Reporting System Output Tables.

State mental health agencies provide a wide range of supports, including rehabilitation services and vocational and pre-vocational training, as well as supported and competitive employment supports. This Data Note explores how states vary in number and percentage of individuals who are employed among those served in Community Mental Health Programs (CMHPs), i.e., programs with all services provided in the community, rather than in an inpatient setting. It also explores national trends that occurred from 2002 to 2011.

"Employed" is defined as competitively employed1 (full- or part-time) at the last CMHP assessment available during the reporting year. Figure 1 shows an overall downward trend in employment for individuals served in CMHPs from 2002 to 2011. Despite a peak of 23% in 2008, the percentage of individuals served in CMHPs who are employed has since declined to 19.6% in 2011.

The number and percentage of individuals in CMHPs who were employed in each state is presented in Table 1. In 2011, the percentage employed varied from 6.9% in Maine to 43.9% in Wyoming. The wide range in number and percentage of individuals employed is not necessarily indicative of success or failure when making comparisons among states. Factors such as the percentage of people served in CMHPs for whom employment status is known can affect the numbers and percentages reported. These differences suggest a need for further research to identify the factors responsible for such wide variation, and to determine successful strategies for gaining employment outcomes for people served in CMHPs.

Figure 1. Percentage of people served who are employed (number of states = 40) Figure 1. Percentage of people served who are employed (number of states = 40)

Raw Data in google spreadsheet

Table 1. Number of People in CMHPs Who were Served and Employed by State in 2011

State

Number of people served by CMHPs*

(A) Number of people employed

(B)Percentage of people served who are employed (B/A)

AK

 -- 

 -- 

--

AL

 75,276 

 8,176 

10.9

AR

 40,639 

 8,474 

20.9

AZ

 101,212 

 16,686 

16.5

CA

 -- 

 -- 

--

CO

 55,180 

 12,164 

22.0

CT

 43,543 

 8,779 

20.2

DC

 -- 

 -- 

--

DE

 3,576 

 756 

21.1

FL

 183,325 

 28,554 

15.6

GA

 -- 

 -- 

--

HI

 5,545 

 577 

10.4

IA

 21,386 

 6,600 

30.9

ID

 6,121 

 1,192 

19.5

IL

 94,819 

 18,092 

19.1

IN

 60,957 

 11,744 

19.3

KS

 36,840 

 10,771 

29.2

KY

 90,805 

 14,630 

16.1

LA

 35,069 

 3,802 

10.8

MA

 -- 

 -- 

--

MD

 74,410 

 12,479 

16.8

ME

 10,455 

 726 

6.9

MI

 62,528 

 19,623 

31.4

MN

 15,684 

 2,354 

15.0

MO

 22,704 

 2,465 

10.9

MS

 -- 

 -- 

--

MT

 3,700 

 539 

14.6

NC

 162,513 

 27,659 

17.0

ND

 -- 

 -- 

--

NE

 18,053 

 5,156 

28.6

NH

 26,146 

 8,542 

32.7

NJ

 266,556 

 75,012 

28.1

NM

 9,743 

 2,298 

23.6

NV

 19,893 

 3,270 

16.4

NY

 423,953 

 96,639 

22.8

OH

 68,867 

 10,582 

15.4

OK

 48,144 

 9,200 

19.1

OR

 -- 

 -- 

--

PA

 -- 

 -- 

--

RI

 18,701 

 3,482 

18.6

SC

 45,580 

 5,681 

12.5

SD

 -- 

 -- 

--

TN

 -- 

 -- 

--

TX

 171,905 

 23,774 

13.8

UT

 29,368 

 5,878 

20.0

VA

 68,911 

 12,879 

18.7

VT

 10,029 

 2,208 

22.0

WA

 72,244 

 6,596 

9.1

WI

 11,917 

 2,907 

24.4

WV

 -- 

 -- 

--

WY

 12,343 

 5,419 

43.9

All states with data (n = 40)

 2,528,640 

 496,365 

19.6

*This column includes only people for whom employment status was known at the time of data collection.

Suggested Citation

Wallace, S., & Smith, F. A. (2013). People served in community mental health programs and employment. Data Note Series, Data Note 43. Boston, MA: University of Massachusetts Boston, Institute for Community Inclusion.

Acknowledgments

This is a publication of StateData.info, funded in part by the Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (#90DN0295).

1Competitive employment is defined as a community job that any person can apply for, in integrated settings (and in regular contact with workers without disabilities), that pays at least minimum wage.

ICI: promoting inclusion for people with disabilities