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Persons Served in Community Mental Health Programs and Employment

Data Note 17, 2008

By:

Originally published: 6/2008

State Mental Health Agencies provide a wide range of supports to consumers including rehabilitation services, vocational and pre vocational training, and supported and competitive employment supports. This Data Note explores how states vary in number of individuals served in Community Mental Health Programs, i.e., all services not provided in an inpatient setting, who are employed as well as the percentage of individuals served in Community Mental Health Programs who are employed. “Employed” is defined as competitively employed (full or part-time) at the last assessment available during the reporting year. Looking at the table below, we can see that in 2006 22% of all persons served nationally in a Community Mental Health Program were employed. The number of individuals employed ranged from 401 in Iowa to 82,571 in New Jersey. The percentage employed varied from 8% in California to 48% in Wyoming.

The wide range in number and percentage of individuals employed is not necessarily indicative of success or failure when comparing a state to one or many states. Factors such as the percentage of persons served in Community Mental Health Programs for which employment status is known can affect the final numbers and percentages reported. These variations suggest a need for further research to help policymakers understand the factors responsible for such wide variation and to help determine successful strategies for gaining employment outcomes for persons served in Community Mental Health Programs.

Total number of individuals served in a Community Mental Health Program (CMHP), individuals in CMHPs who are employed, and the percentage of individuals served who are employed (2006)
State Total Number of Individuals Served in CMHPs* Individuals Served in CMHPs Who are Employed Percentage of Individuals Served Who are Employed
AK 1,325 585 44%
AL 73,341 12,110 17%
AR 39,666 11,516 29%
AZ 83,759 31,569 38%
CA 196,058 15,729 8%
CO 39,753 11,925 30%
CT 33,617 8,167 24%
DC -- -- --
DE 3,962 965 24%
FL 162,206 28,586 18%
GA 85,681 16,241 19%
HI 4,937 1,154 23%
IA 1,387 401 29%
ID 10,550 2,494 24%
IL 117,184 27,240 23%
IN 53,493 12,531 23%
KS 36,399 12,090 33%
KY 85,871 16,479 19%
LA 38,029 4,415 12%
MA 19,518 2,689 14%
MD 38,171 5,524 14%
ME 12,857 1,624 13%
MI 124,490 23,054 19%
MN 42,722 13,592 32%
MO -1 -- --
MS 51,811 9,160 18%
MT -1 -- --
NC 163,184 37,322 23%
ND 11,644 4,362 37%
NE 21,123 6,900 33%
NH 11,631 4,942 42%
NJ 257,548 82,571 32%
NM 23,235 5,859 25%
NV 14,735 3,432 23%
NY 345,677 77,116 22%
OH 94,859 22,227 23%
OK 34,122 6,438 19%
OR 34,556 5,876 17%
PA 55,315 4,416 8%
RI 17,071 3,937 23%
SC 52,921 9,119 17%
SD -1 -- --
TN 7,911 1,518 19%
TX 134,560 22,651 17%
UT 25,428 6,724 26%
VA 72,733 17,065 23%
VT 11,194 3,701 33%
WA 65,009 7,028 11%
WI 14,069 3,949 28%
WV 34,321 6,222 18%
WY 11,481 5,457 48%
US Total 2,871,110 618,668 22%

*This column includes only persons for whom employment status was known at the time of data collection.

Suggested Citation

Smith, F.A.. and Bhattarai, S., 2008. Persons Served in Community Mental Health Programs and Employment. DataNote Series, Data Note XVII. Boston, MA: Institute for Community Inclusion.

StateData.infoA project of the Institute for Community Inclusion at UMass Boston This is a publication of StateData.info, funded in part by the Administration on Developmental Disabilities, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (#90DN0216).

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