Home : Publications :

Timeframe from Application to Closure in Integrated Employment for Vocational Rehabilitation Customers with Developmental Disabilities

Data Note 14, 2008

By:

Originally published: 1/2008

Getting a job promptly after applying for vocational rehabilitation (VR) services is important for a successful career. Rapid placement boosts self-confidence and prevents applicants from losing work skills as a consequence of inactivity. Moreover, employers may prefer candidates whose work history shows limited gaps in employment.

This data note describes the integrated employment timeframe from application to closure for people with developmental disabilities (i.e., mental retardation, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and autism) whose cases were closed by VR in 2006 (N = 27,579). VR typically closes cases when applicants have been in employment for at least 90 days.

The table below, divided by state, shows the percentages of cases closed within one year of application, between one and three years from application, and more than three years from application. Across all states, 33 percent of closures took place within one year of application, 49 percent between one and three years, and 18 percent more than three years after application. The highest percentage of cases closed within one year from application was 56, in both Vermont and Nevada. The highest percentages of cases closed more than three years from application was 42, in Oklahoma.

It is noteworthy that the time elapsed between application and closure is not necessarily a measure of individual success in employment outcomes. Applicants who are students may delay looking for employment until after completing secondary or postsecondary education. Moreover, some applicants may receive services beyond the 90th day of employment, extending the date of case closure in comparison to job entry. RSA 911 data do not provide the date of job entry.

Table: Timeframe from application to closure in integrated employment*
State Number of Closures Closed in one year or less (%) Closed between 1 and 3 years (%) Closed after more than 3 years (%)
AK 62 34 52 15
AL 1,343 30 43 27
AR 195 25 46 30
AZ 293 34 51 15
CA 2,693 36 48 17
CO 344 37 47 17
CT 133 27 55 18
DC 27 41 44 15
DE 121 47 43 10
FL 889 31 57 13
GA 1,137 29 50 22
HI 79 28 35 37
IA 477 16 53 31
ID 259 49 42 9
IL 950 32 40 28
IN 1,029 29 62 10
KS 296 33 53 14
KY 557 24 50 26
LA 219 6 71 23
MA 397 24 54 22
MD 421 40 45 14
ME 127 1 58 41
MI 969 46 40 14
MN 483 17 52 31
MO 827 31 60 9
MS 265 29 55 17
MT 116 39 47 14
NC 1,669 29 53 18
ND 89 29 53 18
NE 191 46 45 9
NH 144 43 47 10
NJ 425 41 51 8
NM 189 46 48 6
NV 75 56 37 7
NY 1,759 36 51 13
OH 1,153 51 42 7
OK 219 19 39 42
OR 477 52 42 6
PA 1,263 30 49 21
RI 113 29 39 32
SC 356 41 40 19
SD 215 50 32 18
TN 686 24 45 31
TX 1,029 31 52 18
UT 268 26 43 31
VA 950 37 44 19
VT 233 56 31 12
WA 561 25 60 15
WI 460 13 62 25
WV 273 33 44 23
WY 74 51 36 12
U.S. Total 27,579 33 49 18

*Totals not equal to 100 are due to rounding error.

Source RSA-911, FY2006.

Suggested Citation

Migliore, A. & Smith, F.A., 2007. Timeframe from Application to Closure in Integrated Employment for Vocational Rehabilitation Customers with Developmental Disabilities . DataNote Series, Data Note XIV. Boston, MA: Institute for Community Inclusion.

This is a publication of StateData.info, funded in part by the Administration on Developmental Disabilities, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (#90DN0216). This Data Note was written by Alberto Migliore and Frank A. Smith.