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SSI recipients with disabilities who work and participation in 1619b

Data Note #12

Originally published: 10/2007

Suggested audiences:

Data Set: SSA

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a federally funded program that provides cash assistance for basic needs. Individuals with a low-income who are over the age of 65, blind, or have a disability are eligible for assistance. SSI beneficiaries typically also receive health insurance coverage through Medicaid. Losing Medicaid benefits can be of concern for SSI recipients with disabilities who desire to work, or are currently working. Section 1619b of the Social Security Act allows individuals to work and continue to receive Medicaid assistance when their earnings are too high to qualify for SSI cash payments as long as they meet other eligibility requirements for the SSI program and continue to need Medicaid in order to work.

Researchers explored how many SSI recipients with disabilities work and how many participate in 1619b. Results are displayed in the table found on page 2. In the U.S. as a whole, 25.7% of working SSI recipients participated in 1619bin 2006. The percentage of working SSI recipients who participate in 1619b varied from state to state. Nebraska (20.4%), South Carolina (20.4%), and Ohio (20.7%) had the lowest, and Hawaii (36.5%), the District of Columbia (33.5%), and Florida (33.7%) had the highest percentage of employed SSI recipients participating in 1619b. Additionally, researchers found a moderate, negative relationship between the number of SSI recipients with disabilities who work within a state, and the percentage that are enrolled in the 1619b program (r = - .363, p < .01). In other words, states that have more working SSI recipients with disabilities tend to have fewer participants in the 1619b program. This could be due to a variety of factors, including but not limited to the ability of individuals to access medical insurance through employers, or the capacity of states with large SSI recipient populations to communicate information about 1619b to eligible individuals.

SSI Recipients with Disabilities and 1619b Program Participation by State

State Number of SSI Recipients who work Number of 1619b participants who work Percent of SSI Recipients who work participating in 1619b
AK a 621 b ***
AL 4,268 1,195 28.0%
AR 3,858 897 23.3%
AZ 4,263 1,424 33.4%
CA 46,849 9,945 21.2%
CO 4,102 938 22.9%
CT a 3,941 1,171 29.7%
DC 795 282 35.5%
DE 969 303 31.3%
FL 13,435 4,530 33.7%
GA 7,213 1,839 25.5%
HI a 926 338 36.5%
IA 6,985 1,592 22.8%
ID a 2,007 613 30.5%
IL a 14,242 3,603 25.3%
IN a 5,911 1,589 26.9%
KS a 4,282 1,037 24.2%
KY 4,843 1,249 25.8%
LA 5,428 1,539 28.4%
MA 9,812 3,295 33.6%
MD 6,277 1,658 26.4%
ME 2,193 677 30.9%
MI 13,664 3,159 23.1%
MN a 10,430 2,493 23.9%
MO a 7,635 2,100 27.5%
MS 3,164 938 29.6%
MT 1,904 456 23.9%
NC 8,353 1,974 23.6%
ND a 1,396 357 25.6%
NE a 3,133 639 20.4%
NH 1,313 402 30.6%
NJ 7,869 2,124 27.0%
NM 2,316 645 27.8%
NV a 1,814 561 30.9%
NY 31,382 7,568 24.1%
OH a 17,170 3,546 20.7%
OK a 4,242 1,019 24.0%
OR a 4,227 1,079 25.5%
PA 16,180 4,361 27.0%
RI 1,641 468 28.5%
SC 4,859 992 20.4%
SD 2,114 508 24.0%
TN 5,352 1,360 25.4%
TX 15,027 4,131 27.5%
UT a 2,517 690 27.4%
VA a 7,198 2,018 28.0%
VT 1,255 418 33.3%
WA 6,415 2,197 34.2%
WI 10,488 2,284 21.8%
WV 2,254 654 29.0%
WY 875 278 31.8%
Total 188,113 48,404 25.7%

a. The Social Security Administration identifies persons as potential participants; the state makes final Medicaid determinations.

b. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.

Source: U.S. Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2006 (www.ssa.gov).

Suggested Citation:

Dennee-Sommers, B., & Smith, F. 2007. SSI recipients with disabilities who work and participation in 1619b. DataNote Series, Data Note XII. Boston, MA: Institute for Community Inclusion.

This is a publication of StateData.info, funded in part by the Administration on Developmental Disabilities, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (#90DN0204). This Data Note was written by Brooke Dennee-Sommers and Frank A. Smith.

State Data is a project of the Institute for Community Inclusion at UMass Boston.

ICI: promoting inclusion for people with disabilities